2011, Homicide in Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden. A First Study on the European Homicide Monitor Data
Crimes that lead to homicide through murder, manslaughter or aggravated assault involve the most severe types of violence. Withinthe EU there is no Union-wide systematic collection of data regarding lethal violence. Therefore, questions about the incidence and characteristics of homicides within EU member states as well as comparisons between countries regarding trends, levels and structural similarities and differences have remained unanswered. In order to enable comparisons of lethal violence within the EU and other European countries, The National Council for Crime Prevention in Sweden, The National Research Institute of Legal Policy in Finland and the department of Criminal Law and Criminology of Leiden University in the Netherlands received funding from the EU for a three-year project between the years 2009 and 2011. The Project has been coordinated by the lead partner, the National Council for Crime Prevention in Sweden. The project is unique in that one of its main goals has been to lay the foundations for a joint database on lethal violence among EU member states, providing new opportunities for detailed comparisons and analyses. Another goal has been to undertake a first comparative analysis of lethal violence in the three member states. The results of this analysis will be presented in this report. It is the ho pe and expectation of the three project members that the project will lead to the establishment of the foundations of a European Homicide Monitor (EHM) and that the database can and will be used by other European states by adding national data to the international dataset as well as using the data for analyses on lethal violence in Europe.